República Dominicana is a nation on the island of Hispaniola, part of the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean region. The western three-eighths of the island is occupied by the nation of Haiti, making Hispaniola one of two Caribbean islands, along with Saint Martin, that are shared by two countries. Both by area and population, the Dominican Republic is the second largest Caribbean nation (after Cuba), with 48,445 square kilometres (18,705 sq mi) and an estimated 10 million people, one million of which live in the capital city, Santo Domingo.
Taínos inhabited what is now the Dominican Republic since the 7th century. Christopher Columbus landed on the island in 1492, and it became the site of the first permanent European settlement in the Americas, namely Santo Domingo, the country’s capital and Spain’s first capital in the New World. After three centuries of Spanish rule, with French and Haitian interludes, the country became independent in 1821. The ruler, José Núñez de Cáceres, intended that the Dominican Republic be part of the nation of Gran Colombia, but he was quickly removed by the Haitian government and “Dominican” slave revolts. Victorious in the Dominican War of Independence in 1844, Dominicans experienced mostly internal strife over the next 72 years, and also a brief return to Spanish rule. The United States occupation of 1916–1924, and a subsequent calm and prosperous six-year period under Horacio Vásquez Lajara, were followed by the dictatorship of Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina until 1961. The civil war of 1965, the country’s last, was ended by a U.S.-led intervention, and was followed by the authoritarian rule of Joaquín Balaguer, 1966–1978. Since then, the Dominican Republic has moved toward representative democracy, and has been led by Leonel Fernández for most of the time after 1996. Danilo Medina, the Dominican Republic’s current president, succeeded Fernández in 2012, winning 51% of the electoral vote over his opponent ex-president Hipólito Mejía.
The Dominican Republic has the ninth largest economy in Latin America and the second largest economy in the Caribbean and Central American region. Though long known for sugar production, the economy is now dominated by services. The country’s economic progress is exemplified by its advanced telecommunication system, and transportation infrastructure. Nevertheless, unemployment, government corruption, and inconsistent electric service remain major Dominican problems. The country also has “marked income inequality”. International migration affects the Dominican Republic greatly, as it receives and sends large flows of migrants. Haitian immigration and the integration of Dominicans of Haitian descent are major issues. A large Dominican diaspora exists, most of it in the United States. They aid national development as they send billions of dollars to their families.
The Dominican Republic is the most visited destination in the Caribbean. The year-round golf courses are among the top attractions on the island. As one of the region’s most geographically diverse countries, the Dominican Republic boasts the Caribbean’s highest mountain peak, Pico Duarte, as well as the Caribbean’s largest lake and lowest elevation, Lake Enriquillo. The island has an average temperature of 26 °C (78.8 °F) and great biological diversity. The country is also home to the first cathedral, castle, monastery, and fortress in all of the Americas, located in Santo Domingo’s Colonial Zone, an area declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Music and sport are of great importance in the Dominican culture, with Merengue and Bachata as the national dance and music, and baseball as the favorite sport. Read More in Wikipedia
As of May 1, 2012 citizens of all nationalities will be required to enter Dominican Republic with a VALID PASSPORT.
To travel to the Dominican Republic, many people will need a Visa. Others, however, may be from countries who have signed agreements with the Dominican Republic so that they only need a Tourist Card. This, of course, only applies to visitors who are tourists.
A Tourist Card is a US $10 tax on incoming tourists that can be purchased at the airport when you arrive. The Dominican Law covering visas is Law No. 875.
- 1. Countries whose citizens DO NOT require a visa or the purchase of a tourist card to enter the Dominican Republic:
3. Corea del Sur
- By virtue of agreements of reciprocal visa waiver to those carrying diplomatic, official, and service passports:
1. Argentina (17 octubre 1992)
2. Belice (6 noviembre 1997)
3. Brasil (17 noviembre 2003)
4. Chile (1 diciembre 1995)
5. República de China (Taiwán) (3 diciembre 2002)
6. Costa Rica (6 noviembre 1997)
7. Corea del Sur (2 febrero 1982)
8. Colombia (10 septiembre 1962)
9. Ecuador (9 agosto 1967)
10. El Salvador (4 noviembre 1997)
11. Finlandia (22 febrero 1989)
12. Guatemala (6 noviembre 1997)
13. Honduras (6 noviembre 1997)
16. México (excepto pasaportes oficiales) (18 agosto 1997)
17. Marruecos (23 de mayo 2002)
18. Nicaragua (6 noviembre 1997)
19. Panamá (25 noviembre 1997)
20. Perú (22 octubre 1991)
21. Rusia (9 de septiembre 2009)
22. Suiza (excepto pasaportes oficiales)
23. Santa Sede (17 marzo 2004)
24. Ucrania (25 septiembre 2002)
25. Uruguay (21 agosto 2001)
- 2. List of countries whose citizens may enter Dominican territory for purposes of tourism only WITH the purchase of a tourist card:
1. Acrotiri y Dhekelia (Reino Unido)
4. Anguila (Reino Unido)
5. Antigua y Barbuda
6. Antillas Neerlandesas (Antillas Holandesas)
15. Bermuda (Reino Unido)
23. Ciudad del Vaticano (Santa Sede)
24. Costa Rica
28. El Salvador
29. Emiratos Árabes Unidos
30. Escocia (Reino Unido)
34. Estados Unidos de Norteamérica
39. Georgia del Sur (Reino Unido)
40. Gibraltar (Reino Unido)
43. Groenlandia (Dinamarca)
44. Groenlandia (Noruega)
45. Guadalupe (Francia)
46. Guam (Estados Unidos)
49. Guyana Francesa (Francia)
50. Hawai (Estados Unidos)
52. Hong Kong (válido para portadores del pasaporte especial de la Región Administrativa Especial de Hong Kong de la República Popular China)
55. Irlanda del Norte (Reino Unido)
56. Isla Bouvet
57. Isla Cocos (Australia)
58. Isla Cook (Nueva Zelandia)
59. Isla de Navidad o Christmas (Australia)
60. Isla Feroe (Dinamarca)
61. Islas Heard y Mcdonald
62. Isla Norfolk (Australia)
63. Isla Palau ( Estados Unidos)
64. Isla Samoa Americana (Estados Unidos)
66. Islas Caimán (Reino Unido)
67. Islas Faore (Noruega)
68. Islas Malvinas o Falkland (Reino Unido)
69. Islas Marianas del Norte
70. Islas Marshall
71. Islas Salomón
72. Islas Sandwich (Reino Unido)
73. Islas Svalbard (Noruega)
74. Islas Tokelau
75. Islas Turcas y Caicos
76. Islas Vírgenes (Estados Unidos)
77. Islas Wallis y Futuna (Francia)
80. Jan (Noruega)
88. Macao (válido para portadores del pasaporte especial de la Región Administrativa Especial de Macao de la República Popular China)
95. Mayen (Noruega)
96. Mayotte (Francia)
99. Montserrat (Reino Unido)
103. Niue (Nueva Zelanda)
105. Nueva Caledonia (Francia)
106. Nueva Zelanda o Nueva Zelandia
107. País de Gales (Reino Unido)
108. Países Bajos (comprende Holanda, Curazao y Saint Marteen)
111. Polinesia Francesa (Francia)
114. Puerto Rico (Estados Unidos)
116. Reino Unido de Gran Bretaña
117. República Checa
118. República De Sudáfrica
119. República Eslovaca
120. Reunión (Francia)
123. Saint Kitts y Nevis
124. San Marino
125. San Vicente y Grenadinas
126. Santa Helena (Reino Unido)
127. Santa Lucía
131. St Jhon (Estados Unidos)
132. St. Croix (Estados Unidos)
133. St. Thomas (Estados Unidos)
137. Svalbard (Noruega)
140. Territorios Franceses del Sur (Francia)
141. Tokelau (Nueva Zelanda)
143. Trinidad y Tobago
144. Tristan da Cunha (Santa Helena)
- 3. List of countries whose citizens require a visa to enter the Dominican Republic:
1. All citizens of countries who are legally able to enter the European Union, the United States of America, Canada and Great Britain may enter the territory of the Dominican Republic by presenting the Tourist Card. (Decree 691-07 dated December 18, 2007).
2. All foreigners who enter the Dominican Republic, whether it be with a visa or a tourist card, must be in possession of their valid passports.
3. All foreigners wishing to enter the Dominican Republic on business must apply for a simple or multiple business visa, at one of our diplomatic and consular missions abroad, notwithstanding their inclusion in the list of countries which can enter with a tourist card, since it can only be used for tourism purposes exclusively.
4. Business visas will be issued by the Dominican Consulates under the provisions contained in SEREX Resolution No. 01-08 dated February 7, 2008.
5. Visa applications will be received and authorized exclusively by the Chancellery, in accordance with the current methods, restrictions and procedures established by the Consular and Migration Department.
6. In the event that a person requires a visa and there is no Dominican consular mission in his country of residence, s/he must go to the Dominican consular mission in the nearest country.
7. In the event that a person wishes to extend their visit while they are in the Dominican Republic, they may go to the offices of the Department of Migration and apply for an extension.
You wouldn’t be the first person who decided to stay.
In fact, it’s difficult to visit the Dominican Republic without dreaming about living here. Whether it’s our tropical weather, warm and friendly people, safe environment, technological developments or tax incentives, many travelers have decided to make their stay in the Dominican Republic permanent.
Our first visitor, Christopher Columbus, proclaimed Hispaniola “…the most beautiful (country) that human eyes have ever seen.” So it’s no surprise that so many visitors choose to stay. Many are fascinated by our magnificent unspoiled nature, lush green valleys, coconut palm-lined beaches and rich history and culture. Thousands of our residents were once visitors with the dream of living in a beautiful Caribbean country.
It is no wonder with Dominican laws like Law 158-01 on Tourism Incentive, which relieves developers of all national and municipal taxes for ten years, including the transfer of ownership to the first purchaser of a property.
If you want to move to the Dominican Republic and establish your business or company, visit the Export and Investment Center of the Dominican Republic,CEI-RD: www.cei-rd.gov.do and also the National Council of Competition Web site: www.cnc.gov.do
Countries with the best commercial exchange relationships with the Dominican Republic can even work with Dominican Chambers of Commerce to develop their business.
If you have a monthly pension, you can use Law 171-07 on Special Incentives for Pensioners and Persons of Independent Means from foreign sources. This Dominican Law guarantees tax-free receipt of pension income, including the possibility of moving your belongings over; which even includes your car.
There are many other benefits as well:
- Receive 50 percent Exemption on property tax.
– Exemption of taxes on the payment of dividends and interests, generated within the country or overseas.
– Receive 50 percent Exemption on taxes on mortgages, when the creditors are financial institutions that are regulated by Dominican financial monetary law.
– Exemption on the payment of taxes for household and personal items.
– Exemption from taxes on property transfers.
– Partial exemption on vehicle taxes.
– 50 percent Exemption of taxes on capital earnings, as long as the person receiving the income is the majority shareholder of the company and that the company is not involved in commercial or industrial activities.
– You must be able to obtain permanent residence within 45 days.